Sahagun and Duran describe the pairs of high priests Quetzalcoatls who were in charge of the major pilgrimage centres Cholula and Tenochtitlan as enjoying immense respect from all levels of Aztec society — akin to archbishops — and a level of authority that partly transcended national boundaries.
Because of this, warring took place in order to discover captives worthy for sacrifice. For example, the class of Pochteca merchants were involved in the feast Tlaxochimaco where the merchant deity would be celebrated and slaves bought on specific slave markets by long-distance traders would be sacrificed.
Tlaloc controls storms, thunder and lightning. Those who drowned would go to Tlalocan. People who died a natural death were sent to one of the hells. Aztec temples Principal beliefs of the aztecs basically offering mounds: Worship was done through offerings, prayers, performing symbolic acts, games, sacrifices.
Most sacrifices were done by the removal of the heart. Though the rituals differed from place to place they followed a basic structure that consisted for preparation, fasting, purification and offerings after which came blood sacrifice that was an act of major importance for the Aztec.
The Aztecs believed that Xipe Totec was an embodiment of fertility and rebirth, therefore, the act of wearing the skin was a reflection of this notion. To the Aztecs, sacrifice was widespread and frequent.
The key factor that determined where one was bound in their afterlife was not how they lived, but how they died.
Heart Removal Huitzilopochtli was the name of the sun God who provided the Aztecs with heat, light and fertilizing energy. Mictlan had nine layers which were inhabited by different deities and mythical beings.
Additionally, Sahagun refers to classes of religious specialists not affiliated with the established priesthood. Thus as the sun was believed to dwell in the underworld at night to rise reborn in the morning and maize kernels were interred to later sprout anew, so the human and divine existence was also envisioned as being cyclical.
For festivals, temple steps and tiers were also festooned with flowers, banners and other decorations.
The God of civilisation and learning wears the mask of a serpent and a hat decorated with the feathers of a quetzal bird. The Aztecs thought that the power of the Gods should be acknowledged and to avoid the catastrophes that their rage could cause.
After death the soul of the Aztec went to one of three places: He had special priestly duties in different rituals on the state level. On the state level, religion was controlled by the Tlatoani and the high priests governing the main temples in the ceremonial precinct of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan.
Each of the 18 twenty-day months of the religious year had its particular religious festival — most of which were connected to agricultural themes. Huixachtlan, lit on the chest of a sacrificed person by the high priests. Thus, although there were various forms of Aztec rituals, none other was as prominent as human sacrifices.
It was also seen as a continual repayment of the sgergenjlgdebt that humans owed to the gods. At the destruction of the world, the people who lived there were turned into monkeys. The fourth sun was the water sun.
In the ceremonial center of Tenochtitlan, the most important temple was the Great Temple which was a double pyramid with two temples on top. The Aztecs had many principal beliefs. Principal Beliefs The ancient Aztec religion was highly focused on keeping nature in balance.
But more often than not, hundreds and sometimes even thousands of captives were sacrificed all at one time. Each of these sacrifices was done every so often that they eventually became recognized as rituals.
Deity impersonation[ edit ] An important aspect of Aztec ritual was the impersonation of deities. For instance, they often had to bleed themselves and undertake prescribed self-mortifications in the buildup to sacrificial rites. He is always shown as a warrior. This included wandering curers, black magicians and other occultists of which the Aztecs identified many types, most of which they feared and hermits.
Finally, the military orders, professions e. Sahagun reports that the priests had a very strict training, and had to live very austere and ethical lives involving prolonged vigils, fasts and penances. He battled the forces of darkness each night and was reborn each morning.
Priests also used the ritual calendar to choose the most favourable days for such activities as erecting buildings, planting crops, and waging war.
Below the Tlatoani were the high priests of these two temples.
In the world lived giants.One of The Aztecs most well renowned principle beliefs was the belief in human sacrifice to The Gods. The Aztecs were convinced that to succeed in day-to-day life things such as harvest, the God’s required a sacrifice from the bravest warrior of.
Principal Beliefs Aztecs had many beliefs: The sun fought against the darkness every night and rose to save mankind.-The earth was flat.-If they fed the sun blood, it would rise.-Afterlife was a strong belief because they wanted to be with the sun god when they died and not in the underworld.
and -There is 13 heavens and 9 hell's. Beliefs in Ancient Aztec Religion The Aztecs believed in many different things. They believed that the sun fought darkness every night and rose to save mankind and they believed that the earth was flat.
Principal Beliefs The ancient Aztec religion was highly focused on keeping nature in balance. The Aztecs had many principal beliefs. Most of their beliefs were either built upon the beliefs of the Five suns and Worlds or of how the.
Principal Beliefs of Aztecs Principal Beliefs Their religious beliefs were based on their perception of nature, time, space and cycles These principal beliefs have influenced the Aztec Society in their lifestyles and helped the Aztecs to.
Aztec religion is the Mesoamerican religion practiced by the Aztec empire. Like other Mesoamerican religions, it had elements of human sacrifice in connection with a large number of religious festivals which were held according to patterns of the Aztec calendar.Download