Current account deficits essay

Other developing countries such as Brazil, African countries have experienced similar repayment problems. However, a current account deficit can be a real problem for countries in the Euro — who cannot devalue to restore competitiveness. When confidence fell and the exchange rate fell, there was a degree of capital flight as foreign investors sought to return assets.

Much research has shown that approximately 70 percent of U.

Balance of payments for an explanation of the different components. The Bureau of Economic Analysis of the U. People upto the age of 35 tend to invest more than save, and this can contribute towards current account deficit.

A depreciation Current account deficits essay the exchange rate will cause imported inflation for consumers and firms who rely on imports of raw materials. Of course, trends that become unsustainable must stop and turn around, so sooner or later this will change. This means foreigners have an increasing claim on your assets, which they could desire to be returned at any time.

Institute for International Economics. So much money came in that it gave the United States a one-quarter surplus on the current account. It also meant the United States made a profit on that war. Then Defense Secretary Dick Cheney discovered that the Feed and Foraging Act of was still the law governing such contributions and that it allowed donations of money or goods and services to be used only for defense or war purposes.

Some commentators argue that because the return on investment that foreigners expect to earn by investing in the United States is so attractive, they continue to pour money into the United States at a rapid rate.

Figure 4 The Trade Deficit: A persistent current account deficit may imply that you are relying on consumer spending, and the economy is becoming unbalanced between different sectors and between short-term consumption and long-term investment. For example, if you run a current account deficit, it could be financed by foreign multinationals investing in your country or the purchase of assets.

It depends on how you are financing the current account deficit. This lack of competitiveness and low level of export demand was a factor behind the weak domestic demand of Greece, Portugal, Spain during the Eurozone recession of The current account position is driven by imbalance between saving and investment.

A current account deficit may just indicate a strong economy, which is growing rapidly. If a current account deficit is financed through borrowing it is said to be more unsustainable. A current account deficit may imply the economy is becoming uncompetitive and the exchange rate relatively overvalued.

A very high balance of payments deficit may, at some point, cause a loss of confidence by foreign investors.

Problems of a current account deficit

This simply means that every country that has a current account deficit has a capital account surplus an inflow of foreign money of exactly the same amount.

The basic economic principle to keep in mind is that the balance of payments for every country in the world is identical, namely, zero.

Current Account Deficit Essay

If these people are correct, then the U. Figure 3 Exports and Imports: This enabled higher growth and so it was able to pay its debts back and countries had confidence in lending the US money.

Persistent US current account deficit since Figures 3 and 4 show the huge and growing discrepancy between imports and exports of goods. Pound Sterling, this is not so serious because market forces will cause a depreciation to restore competitiveness.

Figures 5 and 6 show that in the realm of services education, entertainment, health care, travel, and so onthe United States has a large surplus. The best example of this is U. This example Current Account Deficit Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only.

If there is insufficient capital flows to finance the deficit, the exchange rate will fall to reflect the imbalance of foreign flows of funds. Percentage of GDP Source:Essay about The Current Account Deficit - Macro Economics Project Executive Summary Balance of Payment BoP, also known as balance of international payments, deals with an economy’s transactions with the rest of the world, for a specified time period.

The financial counterpart of the U.S. current account deficits was the continuing capital inflow from abroad, as foreigners financed Americans’ spending in excess of their income.

As these inflows accumulated, the gap between U.S. holdings of foreign assets and foreign holdings of U.S. assets (known as the net international. Essay on The United States Current Account Deficit; The Twin deficits are the current account deficit and the federal budget deficit.

The current account deficit measures the flow of money from and to other countries and measures merchandise Trade. More about Essay on The United States Current Account Deficit. Essay on Current Account.

of Australia’s continuing current account deficits Australia has a long history of large and persistent current account deficits.

During the s the current account deficit averaged the equivalent of 2 per cent of gross domestic product. Insome Eurozone economies had very large current account deficits (over 10% of GDP) – especially in Portugal, Greece and Spain – This was a sign of an unbalanced economy and a fundamental lack of competitiveness.

Countries with current account deficits are big spenders that foreign investors consider credit worthy. These countries' businesses can't borrow from their own .

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Current account deficits essay
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