At this time Louis decided to rule the kingdom alone by divine right, making him an absolute monarch.
He divided France into thirty-two districts and placed a royal attendant with extensive responsibility of justice, police, and finances. By the end of the seventeenth century, Parliament held most of the positions in policy-making than the monarch, leading to the birth of parliamentary monarchy.
Once this goal had been satisfied, he was securely the absolute monarch. England went from absolutism to Constitutional Monarchy, which laid the foundation for the modern-day government.
Louis fought many wars for territorial expansion. While ruling Russia he ignored the Russian parliament known as the Duma and instead build a strong bureaucracy. As James intensified his Catholic policies and became increasingly insane though, William of Orange was asked by Parliament to step in as king.
One part is sinking government money into industries that will prove to be good exports and the other part is taking all profits from colonies and putting them into the mother country. The treaty completed the descent of Spain as a great power, flourished the British Empire, and marked the end of French expansionist policy.
After Elizabeth I died at the turn of the century, James I took the throne of England and took absolutism with him. The causes for these two contrasting forms of administration were the direct influence of the sovereigns of both countries.
This civil war was multi-faceted because the defenders of the king, or Anglicans, were known as Cavaliers and the defenders of Parliament, or Puritans, were known as Roundheads. After King Charles I was beheaded on January 30,a republican form of government was proclaimed and legislative power was vested on members of Parliament, and executive power was lodged in a council of state.
The large state of the treasury was maintained thereafter. He was very efficient at limiting the power of the nobility, often times destroying their castles and lands.
The upper class enjoy tax privileges, and all the burden is levied on the poor class. Louis also revoked the Edict of Nantes, which gave toleration to Protestants living in France.
In England, the Netherlands, and the Holy Roman Emperor joined together to resist Louis and this time he was not as fortunate. Cromwell, although he was not a constitutionalist, was a military dictator that censored the press and closed the theaters.
They were identical in their treatment of other religions, but while Louis persecuted non-Catholics, Cromwell persecuted Catholics. Civil liberties, judicial system governed by courts, freedom of speech, and uncensored media access are some of the advantages.
During a time of strong monarchs Philip IV was a very incapable administrator. Oliver Cromwell led the Roundheads to victory inbeheaded the former monarch and formed his own government in England. In he even went as far as revoking the Edict of Nantes, which gave Huguenots, or French Protestants, the right to worship in specified towns around the country.
Thus, they are conversely identical. Economically, the two countries are the most similar. This government, called the Commonwealth, was a dictatorship in which the military controlled everything, and Cromwell controlled the military.
When Louis was little he was caught in the middle of a rebellion started by the nobility known as the Fronde. There was high religious intolerance among the Catholics, the Protestants, and the Puritans. To combat this Louis acted very intelligently and worked to make them see each other as the enemy rather than him.
He limited the power of the nobility with the coercion, a secret police group and created a controlled social order with taxes and forced public works. Therefore he created the court at Versailles to watch over the nobility and to centralize the government.
Louis was also able to create a bureaucracy with the formation of the office of intendant, which employed individuals to collect taxes on behalf of the monarch.
While France was centralizing power through absolute monarchy, England moved increasingly in the direction of representative government and constitutional monarchy, leading to a gradual reduction in the power of the monarch rather than a fierce overrule, as it was later witnessed in France. In terms of politics, England and France were polar opposites.
English history saw a very chaotic century that eventually smoothed out into the foundation for their government from that point on. Richelieu reorganized the power of the nobility by reshuffling the royal council, leveling castles, and executing blue-blooded conspirators who worked against the king.
Peter, when growing up learned about western culture and ideas.Chapter 13 Paths to Constitutionalism and Absolutism: England and France in the 17th Century. Description: Paths to Constitutionalism and Absolutism - France- Louis XIV made French dependent upon his patronage England and France During the Middle Ages - England and France During the Middle Ages England Early.
Learn constitutionalism absolutism france with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of constitutionalism absolutism france flashcards on Quizlet. Log in Sign up. (Paths to Constitutionalism and Absolutism-England and France in the Seventeenth Century). Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Europe.
Main Ideas. Parliament’s power was limited during these times. Finally through the glorious revolution, Seven years war (Austria and France vs.
England and Prussia). Absolutism in France versus Constitutional Monarchy in England Essay Sample. In the wake of the Reformation, two countries experienced a century of great change, and whether growth or decline, this change was drastic.
After Elizabeth I died at the turn of the century, James I took the throne of England and took absolutism with him. During the late s, the monarchic system of governance of both England and France were undergoing a change. In England, the shift was away from an absolute monarch towards a more powerful parliament.
In France, Louis XIV reinforced his own authority while sabotaging the general assembly of France. Louis XIV, France was best prepared for the War of Spanish Succession.
Completion mint-body.com VI of Scotland, who became James I of England, was the son of _____. mint-body.com religious minister under Charles I was _____ and.Download